Rashtriya Madhyamik

                   Siksha Abhijan,Assam

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Rashtriya Madhyamik Siksha Abhijan,Assam Portal

Rashtriya Madhyamik Siksha Abhijan Portal Assam,RMSA has comprehensive and integrated flagship programme of Government of India , implemented in the state of Assam for providing quality and meaningful education to all children in the age group 14-16 years of age for secondary schools and 16-18 years of age for Higher Secondary Schools in Assam.

Hon’ble Prime minister in his Independence Day speech, 2007 has inter–alias stated that, “We are setting out a goal of universalizing secondary education. This is clearly the next step after universalizing elementary education. While the goal is laudable much work needs to be done before we are in a position to launch the scheme for Universalisation of Access for Secondary Education (SUCCESS). Its details need to be quickly spelt out and discussed with States so that we are fully ready to launch it from. We must not underestimate the complexity of this task as the principles for universalizing elementary education cannot be easily transferred to secondary education. The physical, financial, pedagogical and human resource needs are quite different. We also need to recognize the role currently being played by the private sector and policy design must factor this in. Detailed strategies and plans would need to be paid to Districts with SC/ST/OBC/Minority concentration. The recommendations of the Sachar Committee need to be seriously considered while planning for this programme.”

The Government of India has decided to implement the various activities and programmes in the Government schools in the current year under RMSA and it is also decided to take up only in the Central Government, State Government and Local Body secondary schools of the state during the initial years, i.e, 2010-11 and 2010-11. Some interventions are expected to be implemented in other categories of schools i.e. Recognised (Govt. un-aided) etc. in the subsequent years. Moreover, under the Right to Education Act-2009, the existing class-VIII which is now transacted in the Secondary (composite) schools along with class- IX & XII will be transferred to the Elementary Education Department next academic year. Hence, only classes IX and X will be taken into account during 2010-11 under the RMSA plan and the remaining two classes from XI to XII will also be incorporated in the later stage gradually. According to the present status of secondary education in Assam, the number of Govt. and Provincialised secondary schools with higher secondary classes is not up to the mark and there is always a requirement of new school or up-gradation of UP schools to achieve the target as per distance and participation norm.


The vision for secondary education is to make good quality education available, accessible and affordable to all young persons in the age group of 14 – 16 irrespective of gender, caste, religious denomination, physical and mental disabilities and social and economic status as to enable them to contribute positively to their own socio-economic development and that within a reasonable distance from any habitation within 5 kilometers for secondary schools and 7-10 kilometers for higher secondary schools by Ensuring universal access of secondary education by 2017 (GER of 100%), and Universal retention by 2020.


  • Provision of a secondary schools within a reasonable distance of any habitation with a maximum distance of 5 km for expansion of secondary education.
  • Ensure GER of 100% by the end of 2017 and a GER 60% by the end of 2012.
  • Ensure universal retention by the end of 2020.
  • Improvement of the quality of education for all secondary schools. Special emphasis on SC, ST and other minority children.


  • To ensure provision of physical facilities, staffs and financial support to all secondary schools of Govt/ Local Body and Govt aided schools as per appropriate regulatory mechanism.
  • To improve access to secondary schooling to all young persons according to norms – through proximate location (Secondary Schools: 5 kms, and Higher Secondary Schools:7-10 kms) / efficient and safe transport arrangements/residential facilities, including open schooling. In hilly and difficult areas, provision of schooling with relaxed norms and preferably through Residential mode.
  • To ensure satisfactory quality secondary education and no deprivation due to gender, socio-economic, disability and other barriers.
  • To improve quality of secondary education resulting in enhanced intellectual, social and cultural learning.
  • Substantial progress in the direction of the Common School System.

State at a glance

Assam is a state of multi-ethnic societies with a heritage belonging to the Golden Era of Indian History. Some of the oldest tribal communities like Mongoloids and Australoids are found in the state of Assam. On the basis of the geographical location, various tribal sects of different corners of Assam symbolize a different social custom and culture. Among the prominent tribal communities that are still found in Assam the names of Dimasas, Karbis, Khasis, Bodo Kacharis, Lalungs, Garos and Jaintias are worth mentioning. Forty Five different languages are spoken by the various communities of Assam.

The State has a population of 2.66 Crores with a population density of 340 persons per km2 and the sex ratio is 932(females per one thousand males). An agrarian economy since time immemorial, more than 80% of Assam’s workforce is engaged in the agricultural and allied activities while the urban population is about 13% only. The literacy rate of the State is 64.28% of which the male and female literacy rates are 71.3% and 54.6% respectively.